Vs. 1, “Then the Lord said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. You are to worship at a distance.” Moses, Aaron, Moses’ oldest sons and the seventy elders (first mentioned) are called to climb towards God. It’s notable how the higher they climbed, the access to God became more limited. We will see this pattern take shape in the remaining chapters of Exodus with the Tabernacle instructions. After Moses wrote down the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-17) and the Book of the Covenant (Exodus 20:22-23:33), he reads it to all the people and they respond with a resounding affirmation (vs. 3-4). Moses goes onto to build an alter to bring offerings as a sign of God’s covenant promises (vs. 3-8). These offerings were a sign of atoning for their sins and celebrating God by the blood from the sacrifices. The LORD proceeds to show them His feet and the beautiful pavement they are on (vs. 9-10). It’s almost a funny thought, but God gave them a glimpse of His glory. After a wonderful meal to solidify the covenant (vs. 11), Moses along with Joshua go up the mountain (Joshua only a part of the way) (vs. 12-18). It was symbol of cloud by day and fire by night that God was with Israel and it is fitting that He would be a consuming fire on the mountain (vs. 17).
Regarding application…Eating Together. Vs. 11, “But God did not raise his hand against these leaders of the Israelites; they saw God, and they ate and drank.” As briefly mentioned above, it was customary to solidify a covenant by sharing a friendly meal. Jesus mentions a future feast that we all can look forward to (Matthew 8:11, Revelation 19:9). There is just something special about sharing a meal together. Jesus is the manna and the Bread of life (John 6), and daily He desires to have you dine at the table with Him! That is why we do our daily quiet times; because there is something special about spending time with Jesus. Let the word of God nourish your body today. After a good meal with others, there is always a sense of satisfaction. Let the word of God dwell in your heart and thoughts today!
Vs. 1, “It was just before the Passover Feast. Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love.” The timing is impeccable, as Jesus would become the Passover lamb whose blood was shed for the salvation of God’s people. Jesus goes on to display a part of this love by washing His disciple’s feet (vs. 1-17). Question: What was the significance of this? Only servants washed feet, what was Jesus doing? The washing also served as a sign of their spiritual lives being washed by the Living Water in Jesus. Jesus then quotes Psalm 41:9, as reference that prophecies concerning Judas Iscariot (vs. 18-30). The disciples didn’t completely realize the significance of the revealing of the traitor, but Judas has now made his decision. After Judas’s departure, Jesus begins to encourage the apostles for their road would also become very difficult (vs. 31-38)
Regarding application…Love One Another. Vs. 34, “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.” Question: What made this a new commandment? God gave this commandment previously to Moses. What gives? The old commandment was based on the law, but this new commandment to love is based on grace. This love would now be demonstrated on the cross. This is why we are now given a new definition of loving one another. Yesterday, I preached a message from John 4 with the topic of considering “our purpose.” The woman at the well couldn’t help but share this message of hope to the people in her town. She was once rejected, but now she understood her purpose. But this purpose must have a very important ingredient in it. Love must be mixed in with all that we do. Question: Are you loving as Jesus loved you?